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What is the pilling factor of fabric معدات اختبار

Author: Released in:2022-12-05 Click:37

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During the wearing process, after the fabric is transformed into clothing, due to the friction of the fabric itself and the outside world, the phenomenon of pilling often occurs, affecting the appearance and wearing performance of the dress. With the improvement of people\'s living standards and the integration into European and American textile standards, anti-pilling has attracted more and more attention from manufacturers of textile, dyeing and finishing, garments and consumers in recent years, and their demands have become higher and higher. So what is the fabric pilling factor? Hear what Shanghai Qianshi has to say!

1. Yarn Factors

The effect of yarn on fabric pilling It is mainly reflected in yarn twist, surface smoothness, strength, bending resistance and yarn wear resistance. The greater the twist, the larger it is, the greater the cohesion and the friction between the fibers and the less the sliding of the fibers, but the torsion must be controlled to some extent. Excessive twist impairs the feel and style of the fabric, so increased twist cannot be relied upon entirely to prevent pilling. In addition, the surface of the yarn is smooth and has less lint, which reduces pilling. Yarns with high tenacity and high bending stiffness are not easily pilling, but fibers with high repeated bending strength and strong wear resistance are not easy to fall off after being rubbed into balls.

2. Fiber Factors

Cellulose fiber is generally not easy to fluff The wool fiber in the protein fiber is easy to pill and the synthetic fiber is easy to pill, whether it is filament or staple fiber. JThe finer the fibres, theThe longer the ends of the fibers are exposed to the surface of the yarn, the softer the fibers and the easier it is to tangle and pill. Relatively speaking, shorter fibers are easier to pill than long fibers because there are more short fiber ends and the friction and cohesion between the long fibers is greater, which makes it difficult for the fibers to slip at fabric surface and pilling.

3. Processing Factors

For garments, the pilling condition depends friction, tension, dyes, auxiliaries, dyeing and finishing processes and other physical and chemical conditions of yarn and fabric in various processing methods. The longer the processing time, the greater the friction and tension, and the longer the chemical reaction time, the easier it is for the fiber ends to slip.

4. Material factorsls

Fabric structure has a large impact on fabric pilling The impact is also greater, mainly influenced by fabric type, waterproofness of the organizational structure and the surface smoothness of the fabric. In general, the structure of knitted fabrics is looser and pills more easily than that of woven fabrics. For the same type of fabric, the tighter the structure, the less risk of pilling. Different organizational structures have different surface flatness. Fabrics with uneven surfaces tend to pill, such as B. jacquard fabrics and ribbed fabrics. It is easy to generate a pilling phenomenon. Due to differences in the physical and chemical properties of the fibers that make up fabrics, blended fabrics are sometimes more prone to pilling than fabrics made from pure fibers.

5. Reasons for taking

The functions of the clothes are different, and the pilling situation is very different from each other. In general, the greater the friction, the greater the pilling phenomenon during wear, especially in garments used in certain specialized industries.