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What are the differences in functional fiber fabrics

Author:QINSUN Released in:2021-03 Click:530

When it comes to functional fiber fabrics, everyone is no stranger to it, but different types of fabrics have their own characteristics and differences. Allow QINSUN lead you to learn about the differences between different functional fiber fabrics.

High temperature resistant flame retardant fiber

  There are high-performance carbon fiber and aramid fiber. Carbon fiber is resistant to high temperature, corrosion, and radiation, and is widely used as a structural material for aviation equipment and construction projects. Aramid fiber is resistant to high temperature, flame retardant and high toughness, and can be made into various protective clothing, fire fighting clothing and bulletproof clothing.

Flame-retardant polyester fiber is flame-retardant due to the phosphorus atom contained in the polyester molecule. It is mainly used in hospitals, insurance industry, decorative cloth and industrial cloth; flame-retardant polypropylene fiber is processed through traditional processes or in Adding additives to the polymer formula makes the polypropylene fiber obtain flame retardant properties. This product is mainly used for curtains, wall coverings and decorative cloth; melamine fiber is a new type of high temperature resistant fiber with high flexibility and certain flame retardancy. , Can be used in the field of fire protection.

  Antibacterial fiber

   is made by mixing the antibacterial agent into the spinning solution. The nanometer grade inorganic antibacterial fiber containing silver zeolite is the most famous. It has broad-spectrum antibacterial and good thermal stability. It has the characteristics of long-lasting function, safety and reliability, and no drug resistance. It is mainly used for underwear, sanitary materials and bedding.

  Antistatic fiber

"By modifying the synthetic fiber, that is, adding an antistatic agent inside the polymer or introducing a third monomer to make the fiber itself antistatic. The products are mainly used in carpets, curtains, work clothes in hospital operating rooms, and civil textiles such as anti-fouling and anti-sticking.

   Far infrared fiber

It is made by melting ceramic powder with synthetic fibers such as polyester, polypropylene, viscose, etc. before spinning. It can convert the absorbed solar energy into heat energy required by the human body, promote blood circulation, increase the body's blood supply and oxygen supply, and accelerate the rate of metabolism , Improve the body's muscle energy. The products are mainly used in medical and healthcare fields.

   UV-resistant fiber

  The anti-ultraviolet fiber made by melt-spinning an ultraviolet shielding agent has a shielding rate of more than 92% against ultraviolet rays and has a certain shielding effect on heat radiation. It is mainly used to make summer shirts, T-shirts and umbrellas.

  Natural fiber

   (1) Natural colored cotton and wool, rabbit fur. By changing the cotton gene and improving the sheep and rabbit breeds to form natural colored raw materials, since they are not corroded by dyes and additives, environmental pollution and harm to the human body can be reduced.

   (2) Hemp fiber. Flax, ramie, jute and other hemp fibers have natural antibacterial and antibacterial properties, as well as certain health care functions, anti-ultraviolet and anti-static functions, and are natural green and environmentally friendly fibers.

   (3) Tencel fiber. Tencel fiber fully reproduces the natural characteristics of wood pulp. It is a carbohydrate, biodegradable, no waste, no by-products, and can be completely recycled. It is a true "ecological protection" fiber.

   (4) Polylactic acid fiber. It is made of renewable corn, wheat and other starch materials through fermentation, polymerization, and spinning. It is comfortable to wear, elastic, moisture-absorbing, breathable, heat-resistant and anti-ultraviolet. Its waste can be naturally degraded and is a green and environmentally friendly fiber. Mainly used to make underwear, outerwear, medical textiles and industrial materials.

   (5) Chitin fiber. Chitin fibers made from the shells of shrimp, crabs, insects, etc., have good hygroscopicity, air permeability, sterilization and deodorization properties, and the medical dressings made can have the effects of analgesia, hemostasis, and promote wound healing. Mainly used in medical and health industries.

  (6) Soybean fiber is a new type of regenerated plant protein fiber made from soybean and soybean meal from which the oil is squeezed out, and the plant globulin is extracted and synthesized. Before becoming a fiber, it is necessary to extract protein and polymer from soybeans as raw materials, use high-tech processing such as bioengineering, and wet spinning. This kind of monofilament has fine fineness, light specific gravity, high strength and elongation, strong acid and alkali resistance, and good moisture absorption and moisture conductivity. It has a cashmere-like soft feel, silk-like soft luster, cotton's excellent properties such as warmth retention and good skin-friendliness, as well as obvious antibacterial function.

   (7) Bamboo fiber. Bamboo raw fiber is a kind of brand-new natural fiber. It is a natural bamboo fiber prepared by a combination of physical and chemical methods. Natural bamboo raw fiber and bamboo pulp fiber are essentially different. Bamboo raw fiber belongs to natural fiber, and bamboo pulp fiber belongs to chemical fiber. . Natural bamboo fiber has good properties such as moisture absorption, breathability, antibacterial and antibacterial, deodorization, and UV protection.

   (8) Wood fiber. Pure natural wood fiber products are made of natural, non-polluting Australian fast-growing trees that are 2 to 3 years old, which are crushed and cooked into wood pulp to extract fibers. Through special technology and production process, the sugar and fat in the wood are removed, and advanced technology is used to eradicate the electrostatic reaction of the material. It has the functions of natural antibacterial health care, removing peculiar smell, self-cleaning and self-cleaning, soft to the touch, not hardened or hardened, and is a pure green health product. Moreover, its uses are diversified, and it is widely used in kitchens, home appliances, automobiles, bathrooms and beauty makeup removers, and has an immeasurable market potential.

   (9) Milk protein fiber. Milk silk is the milk protein obtained by skimming and dewatering liquid milk, plus a softener to make milk slurry, and then spun into milk protein fiber through wet spinning technology and scientific treatment, and further spun into weaving Milk shreds of cloth. Milk shreds products contain as many as 17 kinds of various amino acids. Wearing close-fitting has the effect of moisturizing the skin, nourishing the skin, and moisturizing the skin. At the same time, the milk silk also has a natural and long-lasting antibacterial function, and has an inhibitory effect on bacilli, cocci and molds that are harmful to the skin. The fabric woven with milk silk is light, soft, smooth, and draped. It is breathable, moisture-conducting and cool. Because milk silk has higher strength than cotton yarn (high count) and silk, it is resistant to moth and mildew, so it is more durable, washable and easy to store. The special properties of milk protein fiber show true, magnificent and long-lasting colors on fabrics and clothing. The affinity with dyes makes the colors extraordinarily bright and vivid. As long as they are washed under suitable conditions, the colors can still be washed even after repeated washings. Bright as new. Milk protein fiber is not as easy to mold or age as other animal protein fibers, such as wool and silk. Even if it is left for a few years, it can still be as bright as new.

  Smart fiber

   (1) Shape memory fiber. After the fiber molecules are subjected to a special shaping treatment, the fiber with the original shape is deformed and fixed, and the original shape can be restored by the treatment of external stimulus such as heating. Shape memory fiber has anti-wrinkle, wash-resistant, and non-ironing properties, and is mainly used in the field of clothing.

   (2) Photosensitive fiber. Synthetic fibers, such as polypropylene fibers, will change color when exposed to one kind of light, and will return to their original color when exposed to another kind of light. They are mainly used in military and nautical fields.

   (3) Thermosensitive fiber. The fiber was successfully developed by the U.S. Aerospace Department using Outlast technology, which is made of phase inversion materials and ordinary fibers. This kind of fiber can change with the change of external temperature or heat, and is mainly used in working environments with large temperature differences, such as cold storage.

Another type of automatic temperature-regulating textile made of special metal filament fibers and ordinary chemical or natural fibers plus other components can automatically sense the temperature of the surrounding environment, and adjust the heat dissipation rate of the clothes to make the temperature of the clothes surface and the temperature of the surrounding environment. Consistent. Mainly used in the military, can play a stealth role.

   (4) Anti-soaking wet fiber. Acrylic polymer is made by spinning and has high air permeability and water absorption. When immersed in water, the acrylic polymer fiber absorbs water and expands to block the pores on the clothes, which can prevent seawater from penetrating into the clothes and play a life-saving effect. .

  (5) Nanofiber. Nanomaterials are blocks, films, multilayer films and fibers that are aggregated from l-100nm particles. Nanofibers have a strong ability to absorb electromagnetic waves, and at the same time have the effects of waterproofing, anti-radiation, sterilizing and anti-mildew. At present, the newly developed nanofibers in China, such as nano-layered silver inorganic antibacterial and antifungal fibers, hydrophobic polyacrylonitrile nanofibers and graphite nanofibers, are mainly used in the fields of medical care, clothing and energy.

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